Can cognitive training promote myelin repair in the brain? - MS Research Australia

Can cognitive training promote myelin repair in the brain?

Dr Carlie Cullen

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, TAS

| A cure via repair and regeneration | Neurobiology | Incubator | 2018 | Investigator Led Research |
SUPPORT PROJECTS WITH THIS RESEARCH FOCUS

Summary

Myelin is the protective coating surrounding nerve fibres of the brain and spinal cord and it is this coating that is lost in MS. The cells that produce myelin are called oligodendrocytes. The loss of these myelin producing cells is linked to the increasing disability and cognitive dysfunction (thinking and memory problems, often called ‘brain fog’) that people with MS can experience over time. While often overshadowed by other symptoms, over half of people with MS report thinking and memory problems as symptoms.

Recent evidence has shown that learning a complex repetitive physical movement increases the number of oligodendrocytes in the brain. This has led to the hypothesis that other tasks may also affect the numbers of these types of cells.

With the help of this Incubator Grant, Dr Cullen will use a laboratory model to test if performing memory tasks increases oligodendrocytes in the brain. She will then determine if increasing the numbers of these cells increases the production of myelin around nerve cells in the brain.

The results from this study may be used to develop an effective cognitive training program for people with MS which may help relieve ‘brain fog’ and promote MS lesion repair.

Progress to Date

Dr Cullen showed that by learning a task that related to working memory, reference memory, procedural memory and spatial navigation, the laboratory models increased the number of new myelin producing cells in the brain.

In addition, in response to the learning task, the mature myelin producing cells were able to increase the length travelled by electrical signals along the nerve fibre – meaning that this type of learning could also boost beneficial changes in the existing myelin producing cells in the brain.

Dr Cullen’s next stage of experiments will be looking to determine whether the learning task can assist to promote lesion repair in laboratory models of MS.

Publications

  • Pepper RE, Pitman KA, Cullen CL, Young KM (2018) How Do Cells of the Oligodendrocyte Lineage Affect Neuronal Circuits to Influence Motor Function, Memory and Mood? Front Cell Neurosci. 12:399.

Updated: 31 March 2019

Updated: 02 January, 2018

Investigator

Grant Awarded

  • Incubator Grant

Total Funding

  • $25,000

Duration

  • 1 year over 2018

Contact Us

We're not around right now. But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap.

Start typing and press Enter to search